This is a great tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share research. It handles 100s of citation styles and allows for collaboration.
SIFT is a series of actions you can take to determine the validity and reliability of claims and sources on the web.
The SIFT method, or strategy, is quick and simple and can be applied to various kinds of online content: news articles, scholarly articles, social media posts, videos, images, etc.
Each letter in SIFT corresponds to one of the Four Moves:
Investigate the source
Find better coverage
Trace claims, quotes and media to the original context
Find more details on the Four Moves from Mike Caulfield's SIFT (Four Moves), which is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Naughton, B. (2007). The Chinese economy: Transitions and growth. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
[Note: Second and subsequent lines of APA style citations should be indented, although the LibGuide format does not permit it here.]
Book (Multiple Authors):
Fubini, D., Price, C., & Zollo, M. (2007). Mergers: Leadership, performance, and corporate health. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
Book (Corporate Author or No Author):
American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC.: Author.
[Note: If the publisher is the same as the author, write the word "Author" in the publisher position as in this example. Also include the edition statement if there is one.]
Bosworth, M., & Flavin, J. (Eds.) (2007). Race, gender, and punishment: From colonialism to the war on terror. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Toy, E.C., & Klamen, D. (2009). Case files: Psychiatry (3rd ed.). [Kindle version]. Retrieved from: http://www.amazon.com
[Note: Electronic retrieval information takes the place of the publisher location and name. APA style does not put a period after the URL as some other citation styles do.]
Journal Article (One Author):
Journal Article (Multiple Authors):
Journal Article (Online):
SECONDARY SOURCES here you will make use of secondary sources of information. These are published accounts of primary materials, for example the interpretation of raw data. "While the primary researcher might poll a community for its opinion of the outcome of a recent bond election, the secondary researcher will use the material form the poll to support a particular thesis."