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APA Style -6th edition

This guide provides resources for learning how to cite your sources using APA Style guidelines.


If there is an editor instead of an author, you would simply insert the editor's name in the place where the author's name is now, followed by (Ed.).  The rest of the format would remain the same.
General Format

  • In-text citation, paraphrase: (Author's surname, year originally published/year of translation)
  • In-text citation, quotation: (Author's surname, year originally published/year of translation, page number)

Reference list citation:

Author Surname, Initial(s). (Year). Book title: Subtitle (Translator Initial(s). Surname, Trans.). Place of Publication: Publisher.

(Original work published Year).


  • In-text citation, paraphrase: (Laplace, 1814/1951)
  • In-text citation, quotation: (Laplace, 1814/1951, p. 148)

Reference list citation:

Laplace, P. S. (1951). A philosophical essay on probabilities (F. W. Truscott & F. L. Emory, Trans.). New York, NY: Dover. (Original

work published 1814).

About Citing Books

For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and an example will be provided.

The following format will be used:

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase) - entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words.  For more tips on paraphrasing check out The OWL at Purdue.

In-Text Citation (Quotation) -entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote.

References - entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from theAPA Manual (6th ed.).

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.